The Visual Elements


1) Which of the visual elements can best be described as “the path of a moving point”?

A) Motion

B) Time

C) Line

D) Light

2) During the 20th century, which of the following became a recognized element of art?

A) Motion

B) Texture

C) Color

D) Line

3) What element is most often used to indicate boundaries between forms?

A) Contour lines

B) Ground

C) Intensity

D) Foreshortening

4) In art, shapes that suggest forms found in nature are called ________ shapes.

A) organic

B) real

C) geometric

D) environmental

5) Raphael’s The Madonna of the Meadows is composed using what implied shape?

A) Trapezoid

B) Square

C) Triangle

D) Circle

6) What two basic visual cues are used to imply depth in the 18th-century Indian painting of Maharana Amar Singh and others watching musicians and acrobats?

A) Chiaroscuro and hatching

B) Atmospheric perspective and foreshortening

C) Implied line and a vanishing point

D) Position and overlap

7) A black-and-white photograph of a scene eliminates the hues and intensities of the scene’s colors but captures the ________ of the colors.

A) pigments

B) chromas

C) harmonies

D) values

8) In drawing, the outer boundaries of two-dimensional forms are defined by ________, while the outer boundaries perceived among three-dimensional forms are defined by ________.

A) visual elements; principles of design

B) outlines; contour lines

C) thick lines; thin lines

D) actual lines; implied lines

9) In painting and drawing, artists often use the technique of ________ to describe the way shadows and light define the shape of forms.

A) refraction

B) isometric perspective

C) simultaneous contrast

D) chiaroscuro

10) What technique, illustrated in Charles White’s Untitled, uses parallel lines to suggest value?

A) Hatching

B) Atmospheric perspective

C) Impasto

D) Foreshortening

11) What term describes the use of light and shadow to give a three-dimensional appearance to shapes in a two-dimensional work?

A) Pointillism

B) Figure

C) Ground

D) Model

12) In the additive process of color mixing, red light, green light, and blue light combine to produce ________ light.

A) yellow

B) black

C) white

D) green


13) Mixing two primary colors produces a ________ color.

A) secondary

B) passive

C) complementary

D) triad


14) What term is used to describe a color lighter than a hue’s normal value?

A) Tint

B) Shade

C) Chroma

D) Palette


15) In the subtractive color process, what are the secondary colors?

A) Orange

B) Green

C) Violet

D) Blue-green

E) Yellow

F) Blue


16) Works that use a(n) ________ harmony feature any three colors equidistant from each other on the color wheel.

A) analogous

B) complementary

C) triadic

D) open


17) What technique uses dots of color to create a specific optical effect?

A) Stippling

B) Modeling

C) Pointillism

D) Chiaroscuro


18) What are some expressive characteristics associated with the color blue?

A) Freedom

B) Calm

C) Passion

D) Anxiety

E) Quiet

F) Love

19) What is a necessary feature of pattern?

A) Texture

B) Color

C) Modeling

D) Repetition

20) Where is the vanishing point in Leonardo da Vinci’s The Last Supper?

A) In the upper left corner of the image

B) Just behind the head of the figure of Jesus

C) Below the horizon line

D) At the top center of the image

21) Art that moves is called ________ art.

A) kinetic

B) trompe l’oeil

C) directional

D) modeled

22) In Albrecht Dürer’s woodcut The Draftsman Drawing a Reclining Nude, the draftsman is using a device to help him achieve the effect of ________.

A) foreshortening

B) chiaroscuro

C) the illusion of motion

D) simultaneous contrast

23) The use of atmospheric perspective is a prominent aspect of which work?

A) Hidden Relief by Sarah Sze

B) Lake George by John Frederick Kensett

C) Chanter by Emmi Whitehorse

D) The Chief: He Who Sold Africa to the Colonists by Samuel Fosso

24) Many still-life works attempt to capture what artistic element?

A) Actual texture

B) Isometric perspective

C) Linear perspective

D) Visual texture

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