Research Methodologies

Instructions

This Competency includes a Short-Answer Response Assessment. Write your response to each prompt below—in the space provided. Beneath the prompts is the Rubric, which will be used by the Competency Assessor to evaluate your responses. Carefully review the Rubric rows associated with each prompt to provide a complete response.

When writing your response, begin typing where it reads “Enter Your Response Here.” Write as much as needed to satisfy the requirements of the prompt.

Note: Save this file as RC002_firstinitial_lastname, and upload it to this Assessment within the learning platform. For example, RC002_B_Smith.

Short Answer 1

Read the descriptions of research studies below. Indicate the type of qualitative study and provide a 2- to 3-sentence rationale for your selection. Choose from the following types of qualitative research:

· Phenomenological study

· Case study

· Ethnographic study

· Narrative analysis

Study A

A researcher decides to compare an early reading lesson in a public school that starts reading instruction in kindergarten with a reading lesson in a Waldorf school that begins reading instruction in second grade. She carefully notes her observations of each teacher’s methods and materials along with the students’ questions and learning.

Your Response

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Study B

A group of researchers observe play periods at a school as a way to address the concept of how teachers can balance the need to provide adult guidance with the need to allow child independence. The researchers initially set aside their own beliefs and attitudes about discipline, freedom, and play, and then collect data. They analyze the data from the points of views of both teachers and children and gradually cluster themes in order to identify the essential issues.

Your Response

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Study C

A researcher uncovers the autobiography of a kindergarten teacher from the early 20th century and analyzes this document in order to identify common themes related to the teacher’s professional concerns.

Your Response

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Study D

A researcher is studying the cultural attitudes of recent immigrant groups to the United States and how these attitudes affect female students in early childhood. The researcher focuses on immigrants from Romania and researches and analyzes their traditions, beliefs, and cultural practices in many areas as a lens through which to interpret parental attitudes toward, and children’s experiences of, American early childhood education.

Your Response

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Rubric

  0

Not Present

1

Needs Improvement

2

Meets Expectations

3

Exceeds Expectations

Sub-Competency 1: Describe the types of qualitative research designs.
Learning Objective 1.1:

Describe the types of qualitative research.

Description is not present. Descriptions of the types of qualitative research is vague, incomplete, or inaccurate.

 

Descriptions of the types of qualitative research are clear, complete, and accurate.

Demonstrates the same level of achievement as “2,” plus the following:

 

Provides detailed information about the types of qualitative research.

 

 

 

Short Answer 2

What is a grounded theory study? (1–2 paragraphs).

Your Response

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Rubric

  0

Not Present

1

Needs Improvement

2

Meets Expectations

3

Exceeds Expectations

Sub-Competency 1: Describe the types of qualitative research designs.
Learning Objective 1.2:

Define grounded theory.

Definition is not present. Response includes an unclear or incomplete definition of grounded theory. Response includes a clear and accurate definition of grounded theory. Demonstrates the same level of achievement as “2,” plus the following:

 

Response provides an example from a peer-reviewed research article that illustrates grounded theory and a rationale supporting the example.

 

 

 

Short Answer 3

Describe at least five characteristics of good qualitative research and explain why each characteristic is important. Your response should be 3–5 paragraphs in length.

Your Response

Enter Your Response Here

Rubric

  0

Not Present

1

Needs Improvement

2

Meets Expectations

3

Exceeds Expectations

Sub-Competency 2: Explain the common characteristics of qualitative research methods.
Learning Objective 2.1:

Describe characteristics of good qualitative research and their importance.

Response is not present or is inaccurate. Response includes an unclear or incomplete description of five characteristics of good qualitative research, or response includes a clear and accurate description of fewer than five characteristics of good qualitative research. Response includes a clear and accurate description of five characteristics of good qualitative research.

 

Response thoroughly explains the importance of each of the five identified characteristics of good qualitative research.

 

Response is supported by references to the professional knowledge base.

Demonstrates the same level of achievement as “2,” plus the following:

 

Response thoroughly explains the importance of more than five characteristics of good qualitative research.

Short Answer 4

Which of the following is an example of a semi-experimental study? Provide a rationale for your choice.

Study A: A researcher wants to study the effects of napping on preschooler behavior. The researcher has access to teachers at a number of preschools where most students take a daily nap, but students are allowed to opt out and play quietly during naptime if they wish. The researcher asks the students’ teachers to rate the students’ behavior after naptime on a number of scales to determine if those who nap have fewer behavior problems in the afternoon than those who do not nap.

Study B: A researcher hypothesizes that a particular behavioral management system will reduce the amount of time preschool teachers must spend dealing with student behavior problems. From the 32 preschools in a city, the researcher randomly selects three. Half of the teachers in the school are trained on how to use the new behavior management system and half are not. The researcher then quantifies the amount of time each group of teachers spends dealing with behavior problems and determines that the management system reduces time spent by 28%.

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