Myths Unit Comparison Essay

Myths Unit Comparison Essay

 

Pick one of the following options and write a 3-paragraph essay.

 

Options (choose only 1):

  • Compare two creation stories
    • Genesis 1-3, “How the World was Made,” “The Story of Prometheus and Pandora’s Box”
  • Compare two flood stories
    • Genesis 6-9, Matsya, Gilgamesh “The Flood”
  • Two battle stories
    • Gilgamesh “The Battle with Humbaba,” “David and Goliath”

 

Requirements:

  • You do not need discuss every detail of the stories you choose – instead, focus on what you consider to be the most important similarities and differences between the two stories. Use the chart on this page to plan the information you want to include in your paragraphs.
  • Include at least one piece of text evidence from each story. Remember to use lead-ins with correct punctuation when bringing in your text evidence.
  • 3 complete paragraphs
    • paragraph 1: intro with thesis
    • paragraphs 2 and 3: similarities and differences between stories
    • paragraph 4: brief conclusion
  • Check spelling/grammar/mechanics/usage before submitting

 

Plan out your constructed response:

Chosen Stories (list both titles):

 

 

Similarities

1.

 

 

2.

 

 

3.

Differences

1.

 

 

2.

 

 

3.

 

 

 

Helpful Transitions

When comparing things that are alike:

·         similarly

·         in the same way

·         likewise

·         furthermore

·         in addition/additionally

When comparing two things by focusing on their differences:

·         although

·         yet

·         however

·         in contrast

·         alternatively

·         whereas

·         while

 

 

OVERVIEW:

Introduction: The first paragraph will introduce the topic, which is comparing and contrasting the two narratives.  It will also put forth a thesis statement in which you answer the question “So what?”

The “So What?” question is WHY should we care that the stories are similar? Or different?

 

Body Paragraph 1: The second paragraph will compare the two narratives; this paragraph will show                                     the ways in which the narratives are similar.

Transition Words:  related, as, like, in the same way, also, similarly

 

Body Paragraph 2: The third paragraph will contrast the two narratives; this paragraph will show the                                     ways in which the narratives are different.

Transition Words:  but, although, on the contrary, however, in contrast, unlike, on the other hand

 

Conclusion: The fourth paragraph will be your conclusion.  Bring your points together                                          succinctly.  Answer the question, “Why should we care?”

 

 

SAMPLE CLAIMS/Thesis Statements:

  • David in “1 Samuel 17” is a better hero than Gilgamesh in “The Battle with Humbaba” because ________________________ whereas __________.
  • The flood narrative in The Epic of Gilgamesh is more apocalyptic than the flood narrative in “Matsya” because __________________________.
  • Although deceit causes the downfall of humanity in both “Pandora’s Box” and Genesis 3, the serpent in Genesis 3 is more beguiling because _________________.
  • Although both “Pandora’s Box” and Genesis 3 depict the fall of humanity, the tone in “Pandora’s Box” is more optimistic and hopeful because ______________.

 

Words to know:

Commentary (CM) – these are what you think- from your own brain/your opinion

Concrete Detail (CD)- this is from the text itself. Examples/quotes/etc.

Topic Sentence (TS)- this is the subject of the paragraph. It’s a summary of what you are going to talk about (think of it as a baby thesis statement for your paragraph)

Concluding Sentence (CS) – this is the summary of your paragraph.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY STRUCTURE OVERVIEW

INTRODUCTION (PARAGRAPH 1)

Sentence 1 Is all Commentary (CM)

Commentary are thoughts from

Introduces the titles of the narratives and the topic of your paper

Sentence 2 Says more stuff about the first sentence (CM)
 

Sentence 3

THESIS SENTENCE:

Names the narratives, Identifies their cultures, Is an argument, and Answers “So What?”

 

COMPARISON PARAGRAPH (PARAGRAPH 2)

Sentence 1 Topic Sentence (TS)

Compares one thing that is the same in the two narratives

Sentence 2 Concrete Detail (CD)

Provides textual evidence of a detail that both stories share

Includes Transition, Lead – In, and Parenthetical Documentation

Sentence 3 Commentary (CM)

Analyzes how this detail relates to the first story

Is Analytical and not Plot Summary

Sentence 4 Commentary (CM)

Analyzes How this detail relates to the second story

Is Analytical and not Plot Summary

Sentence 5 Concluding Sentence (CS)

Sums up the paragraph

Transitions to the next

 

CONTRAST PARAGRAPH (PARAGRAPH 3)

Sentence 1 Topic Sentence (TS)

Contrasts one specific thing that is different in the narratives

Sentence 2 Concrete Detail (CD)

Provides textual evidence of a detail that one story has and the other does not

Includes Transition, Lead – In, and Parenthetical Documentation

Sentence 3 Commentary (CM)

Analyzes how this detail relates to the first story

Is Analytical and not Plot Summary

Sentence 4 Commentary (CM)

Analyzes how the lack of this detail is important in or changes the second story

Is Analytical and not Plot Summary

Sentence 5 Concluding Sentence (CS)

Sums up the paragraph

Transitions to the next

 

CONCLUSION (PARAGRAPH 4)

Sentence 1 Restates your Thesis (TS)
Sentence 2 Explains why this is important (CM)
 

Sentence 3

Links to a larger Theme

Answers the question, “Why should we care” (CS)

 

PARAGRAPH 1: INTRODUCTION

(Introduces the topic and ends with your thesis sentence)

#1 CM (Introduces titles of stories, cultures of origin, and topic of your paper)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

#2 CM (Says more stuff about the first sentence)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

#3 THESIS STATEMENT (Names the narratives, Identifies their, cultures,

Is an argument, and Answers “So What?”)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PARAGRAPH 2: COMPARE

(Compares one thing that is the same in the two stories)

 

#1 TS (Compares one thing that is the same in the two narratives)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

#2 CD (Provides textual evidence of a detail that one story has and the other does not; Includes Transition, Lead – In, and Parenthetical Documentation)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

#3 CM (Analyzes how this detail relates to the first story; is Analytical and not Plot Summary)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

#4 CM (Analyzes How this detail relates to the second story; is Analytical and not Plot Summary)

 

 

 

#5 CS (Sums up the paragraph and Transitions to the next)

 

 

 

 

 

PARAGRAPH 3:  CONTRAST

(Contrasts one thing that is the same in the two stories)

#1 TS (Contrasts one specific thing that is different in the narratives)

 

 

 

 

 

 

#2 CD (Provides textual evidence of a detail that one story has and the other does not; includes Transition, Lead – In, and Parenthetical Documentation)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

#3 CM (Analyzes how this detail relates to the first story; is Analytical and not Plot Summary)

 

 

 

#4 CM (Analyzes how the lack of this detail is important in or changes the second story; is Analytical and not Plot Summary)

 

 

 

 

#5 CS (Sums up the paragraph and Transitions to the next)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PARAGRAPH 4:  CONCLUSION

(Restates your thesis and explains the significance of your position)

 

#1 CM  (Restates your thesis)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

#2 CM (Explains why this is important)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

#3 CS (Links to a larger Theme; Answers the question, “Why should we care”)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 & 10 Analytical/Literary Analysis                                                    Name:

Thesis and Organization
Low (0-21 points)

 

Thesis

-restates or misreads the prompt

-summary

 

 

Organization

-lacks evidence of planning

-illogical progression of ideas

-ideas not connected to thesis

-lacks introduction and/or conclusion

Mid (22-25 points)

 

Thesis

-partially develops ideas

-shows limited understanding of prompt and text

 

Organization

-evidence of some planning

-inconsistent progression of ideas

-ideas connected to thesis

-sufficient introduction and conclusion

High (26-30 points)

 

Thesis

-clearly & logically develops ideas

-shows good understanding of prompt and text

 

Organization

-evidence of planning

-logical progression of ideas

-ideas clearly connected to thesis

-effective introduction and conclusion

 

30 points

 

 

 

 

Evidence (textual references) and Commentary (analysis)
Low (0-34 points)

 

Evidence

-missing, repetitive, or a result of misreading the prompt

 

OR

Analysis

-missing

(35-36 points)

 

Evidence

-summary of text

-inaccurate

-irrelevant

 

 

OR

 

Analysis

-inaccurate or irrelevant

Mid (37-39 points)

 

Evidence

-vague

-oversimplified or misinterpreted

 

 

AND

 

Analysis

-vague

-oversimplified or misinterpreted

 

(40-44 points)

 

Evidence

-sufficient

-accurate

-relevant

 

 

AND

 

Analysis

-generally clear and focused

-inconsistent, limited, or incomplete

High (45-50 points)

 

Evidence

-specific

-well-chosen

-relevant

 

 

AND

 

Analysis

-consistent & clear

-explains the relationship between the evidence & thesis

 

50 points

 

Style and Mechanics
Low (0-13 points)

 

Tone

-informal

-inappropriate

 

Style/Diction/Syntax

-simplistic

-inappropriate

-repetitive

 

Grammar/Mechanics/Usage

-impedes meaning

-egregious errors

 

MLA Formatting

-incorrect or missing

Mid (14-16 points)

 

Tone

-inconsistent

-awkward

 

Style/Diction/Syntax

-cliched

-monotonous

-awkward

 

Grammar/Mechanics/Usage

-interferes with meaning

-multiple errors

 

MLA Formatting

-inconsistent

High (17-20 points)

 

Tone

-formal

-consistent

 

Style/Diction/Syntax

-objective

-precise

-purposeful

 

Grammar/Mechanics/Usage

-minor errors

 

 

MLA Formatting

-correct

 

20 Points

TOTAL  

 

 

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