high blood pressure

NR283 Pathophysiology

RUA: Pathophysiological Processes Paper Guidelines

Purpose
This project is an in-depth investigation of a health condition. It will allow for the expansion of knowledge and the ability to generalize larger concepts to a variety of health conditions.

Course outcomes: This assignment enables the student to meet the following course outcomes.

Explain the pathophysiologic processes of select health conditions. (PO 1)

Predict clinical manifestations and complications of select disease processes. (PO 1, 8)

Correlate lifestyle, environmental, and other influences with changes in levels of wellness. (PO 1, 7)

Due date: Your faculty member will inform you when this assignment is due. The Late Assignment Policy applies to this assignment.

Total points possible: 100 points

Preparing the assignment
Follow these guidelines when completing this assignment. Speak with your faculty member if you have questions.

Select a disease process that interests you.

Obtain approval of the selected disease process from the course faculty.

Faculty will share how to submit your topic choice for approval.

Write a 2-3-page paper (excluding title and reference pages).

Include the following sections about the selected disease process (detailed criteria listed below and in the Grading Rubric).

Introduction of disease – 10 points/10%

One paragraph (approximately 200 words)

Includes disease description

Includes epidemiology of disease

Etiology and risk factors – 20 points/20%

Common causes of the disease or condition

Risk factors for the disease or condition

Impact of age

Prevalence based on gender,

Influence of environment

Genetic basis of disease

Lifestyle influences

All information supported by current literature

Pathophysiological processes – 20 points/20%

Describes changes occurring at the cellular, tissue, and/or organ level that contribute to the disease process.

Describes adaptation of the cells and body in response to the disease.

Relates disease processes to manifested signs and symptoms.

Clinical manifestations and complications – 20 points/20%

Describes the physical signs and symptoms that are important in considering the presence of the disease.

Identifies signs that contribute to diagnosis of the condition

Identifies symptoms that contribute to diagnosis of the condition.

Identifies complications of the disease.

Discusses the implications to the patient when complications are left untreated.

Diagnostics – 10 points/10%

Includes list of common laboratory and diagnostic tests used to determine the presence of the disease.

Discusses the significance of test findings in relation to the disease process.

Interview – 10 points/10%

Once the student has become familiar with the disorder, it is their responsibility to locate an individual living with the disease process to interview (interviewee). It is recommended that you find an individual first, then complete research and writing on the topic prior to performing the interview.

The interviewee must be at least 18 years old and able to answer questions by themselves

The interviewee must currently have the chronic disease/disorder. If an interviewee has been diagnosed with a disease/disorder but has NO manifestations or complications related to the disorder they DO NOT qualify for the assignment.

Acute infections/diseases DO NOT qualify (pneumonia, urinary tract infection, flu, colds).

The interviewee cannot be a patient from the clinical setting or a patient from your work environment (hospitals, doctor’s office, LTC facility, home health, etc.)

The interviewee may be a relative, friend, colleague, or stranger.

Please use the individual’s own words in relation to their experience with the disease/disorder.

NOTE: This assignment is for educational purposes only. Students are NOT to provide any medical/nursing advice or education to interviewees. Refer interviewee questions to their physician.

Interview Questions

What is the age of the individual being interviewed? What is the relationship of the individual to you? How long have they had the disorder?

What clinical manifestations of the disorder does the individual experience? How does it compare to what you discovered in your resources?

What complications of the disorder does the individual experience? How does this compare to what you discovered in your resources?

What other medical conditions/disorders has the individual been diagnosed with? Do their other medical conditions have any effect on the chosen disorder?

How does the disease affect the individual’s daily living/activities? (repeat hospitalizations, has to take a lot of meds, any activity restrictions, a lot of appointments?)

How does the disease/disorder affect the individual’s outlook on life? (Feel like a burden to family, do they have good family support, feel hopeless, optimistic, good coping mechanisms?)

What did you learn from interviewing the individual?

APA Style and Organization – 10 points/10%

References are submitted with assignment.

Uses current APA format and is free of errors.

Grammar and mechanics are free of errors.

Paper is 2-3 pages, excluding title and reference pages.

At least two (2) scholarly, primary sources from the last 5 years, excluding the textbook, are provided.

For writing assistance, visit the Writing Center.

Please note that your instructor may provide you with additional assessments in any form to determine that you fully understand the concepts learned.

Grading Rubric

Criteria are met when the student’s application of knowledge within the paper demonstrates achievement of the outcomes for this assignment.

Assignment Section and Required Criteria

(Points possible/% of total points available)

Highest Level of Performance

High Level of Performance

Satisfactory Level of Performance

Unsatisfactory Level of Performance

Section Not Present

Introduction of Disease

(10 points/10%)

10 points

9 points

8 points

4 points

0 points

Required criteria

One (approximately 200 words) paragraph

Includes disease description

Includes epidemiology of disease

Includes 3 requirements for section.

Includes 2 requirements for section.

Includes no less than 1 requirement for section.

Present, yet includes no required criteria.

No requirements for this section presented.

Etiology and Risk Factors

(20 points/20%)

20 points

18 points

16 points

7 points

0 points

Required criteria

Common causes of the disease or condition

Risk factors for the disease or condition

Impact of age

Prevalence based on gender

Influence of environment

Genetic basis of disease

Lifestyle influences

All information supported by current literature

Includes 8 requirements for section.

Includes 7 requirements for section.

Includes 6 requirements for section.

Includes 5 or fewer requirements for section.

No requirements for this section presented.

Pathophysiological Processes

(20 points/20%)

20 points

18 points

16 points

7 points

0 points

Required criteria

Describes changes occurring at the cellular, tissue, and/or organ level that contribute to the disease process.

Describes adaptation of the cells and body in response to the disease.

Relates disease processes to manifested signs and symptoms.

Includes 3 requirements for section.

Includes 2 requirements for section.

Includes no less than 1 requirements for section.

Section present yet includes no required criteria.

No requirements for this section presented.

Clinical Manifestations & Complications

(20 points/20%)

20 points

18 points

16 points

7 points

0 points

Required criteria

Describes the physical signs and symptoms that are important in considering the presence of the disease.

Identifies signs that contribute to diagnosis of the condition

Identifies symptoms that contribute to diagnosis of the condition.

Identifies complications of the disease.

Discusses the implications to the patient when complications are left untreated.

Includes 4 requirements for section.

Includes 3 requirements for section.

Includes 2 requirements for section.

Includes 1 or fewer requirements for section.

No requirements for this section presented.

Diagnostics

(10 points/10%)

10 points

4 points

0 points

Required criteria

Includes list of common laboratory and diagnostic tests used to determine the presence of the disease.

Discusses the significance of test findings in relation to the disease process.

Includes 2 requirements for section.

Includes 1 requirement for section.

No requirements for this section presented.

Individual Interview

(10 points/10%)

10 points

9 points

8 points

4 points

0 points

Required criteria

What is the age of the individual being interviewed? What is the relationship of the individual to you? How long have they had the disorder?

What clinical manifestations of the disorder does the individual experience? How does it compare to what you discovered in your resources?

What complications of the disorder does the individual experience? How does this compare to what you discovered in your resources?

What other medical conditions/disorders has the individual been diagnosed with? Do their other medical conditions have any effect on the chosen disorder?

How does the disease affect the individual’s daily living/activities? (repeat hospitalizations, must take a lot of meds, any activity restrictions, a lot of appointments?)

How does the disease/disorder affect the individual’s outlook on life? (Feel like a burden to family, do they have good family support, feel hopeless, optimistic, good coping mechanisms?)

What did you learn from interviewing the individual?

Includes answers to 7 question sets.

Includes answers to 6 question sets.

Includes answers to 5 question sets.

Includes answers to 1-4 question sets.

No question sets answered or section not present.

APA Style and Organization

(10 points/10%)

10 points

9 points

8 points

4 points

0 points

Required criteria

References are submitted with assignment.

Uses current APA format and is free of errors.

Grammar and mechanics are free of errors.

Paper is 2-3 pages, excluding title and reference pages

At least two (2) scholarly, primary sources from the last 5 years, excluding the textbook, are provided

Includes 5 requirements for section.

Includes 4 requirements for section.

Includes 3 requirements for section.

Includes 1-2 requirements for section.

No requirements for this section presented.

Total Points Possible = 100 points

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