Discrimination Law

The Employer-Employee Relationship

Discrimination Law

Consistent with the property theme of

this text, it is important to understand

that employment and labor laws affect

the property interest you have in selling your

labor. This final section discusses the complexity

of those relationships. As you study these chapters,

consider the historical development of the

law, including how it must continually evolve

to address technology developments, changing

social values and economic issues affecting the

workplace. Employment and labor laws reflect

the constant need for balance between the rights

and responsibilities of employers and employees.

Because the United States enjoys a diverse

population, it is important to ensure that workers

are not discriminated against, including in

the hiring, promoting, and firing process. Chapter

20 details federal laws prohibiting workplace

discrimination, specifically discussing the prohibitions

on employment discrimination based on

race, sex, national origin, color, pregnancy, age,

and disabilities. This chapter focuses on what constitutes

illegal discrimination in the workplace,

including employment practices—even those that

may seem well intentioned on their face—that

may be challenged as discriminatory. In addition

to federal protections, this chapter notes that

state laws may offer additional protection against

workplace discrimination. Taken together, these

laws form the framework for fair competition in

a workplace free of unlawful discrimination.

Chapter 21 describes other major employment

laws, including rules regarding minimum

wage and overtime, mass layoffs, family and

medical leave, workplace safety & workers’

compensation, as well as the limits of employee

privacy at work. All of these laws provide important

protections for workers and further define

the employer–employee relationship. The scope

of the employment-at-will doctrine is also presented,

along with ways an employer can protect

itself from an unjustified lawsuit.

The final chapter in the text, Chapter 22,

focuses on labor laws that permit employees to

organize their labor through unions. Although

they have been met with challenges in the twentyfirst

century, unions continue to play an important

role in the U.S. labor market. The development of

labor law in the U.S. illustrates the long history of

seeking to protect workers. This chapter presents

the major labor laws and helps students to identify

unfair labor practices by management and

unions. This chapter also incorporates current

issues important to unions. Many unions maintain

active political agendas on behalf of their

members, including the role of being high-profile

advocates during political elections and on laborrelated

topics such as international trade. Labor

advocates are very vocal about the kinds of provisions

that could be incorporated into trade agreements

to allow U.S. workers to compete on a

level playing field. For example, a number of free

trade agreements discussed in Chapter 12, such as

NAFTA, DR-CAFTA, and trade agreements with

Korea, Colombia, and Panama, faced vocal opposition

from some labor unions. •


Learning Objectives

In this chapter you will learn:

20-1. To discuss the general provisions of Title VII, enforcement

procedures, and the differences between disparate treatment and

disparate impact.

20-2. To understand the specific kinds of discrimination prohibited by

Title VII.

20-3. To discuss employment practices that may be challenged.

20-4. To apply other federal statutes protecting against employment


20-5. To realize that state laws may offer additional protection against

workplace discrimination.


in Employment 20

Order a Unique Copy of this Paper

Essay Creek is an academic writing service provided to you by, a London-based company.

  • Experience
    Helping students successfully for 11 years.
  • Confidentiality & Security
    Be sure your information will be kept confidential due to our secure service.
  • Quality & Reliability
    8.5 out of 10 average quality score according to our customers' feedback. 97.45% of orders delivered on time.
  • Versatility
    478 active writers in 68 disciplines.
  • 100% money back guarantee
    You can always request a refund if you are not satisfied with the result.

Read more about us

Our team of writers is comprised of people with necessary academic writing skills and experience in various fields of study.

  • Skilled writers only
    We carefully choose writers to employ, paying attention to their skills and abilities.
  • Competence
    Your order will be assigned to a competent writer who specializes in your field of study.
  • In-depth knowledge
    Our writers know both peculiarities of academic writing and paper formatting rules.
  • Motivation
    We keep updated on results our writers show, motivating them to constantly improve their performance.

Read more about our writers

  • Testimonials
    Our clients' testimonials prove we're doing everything right.

Check for yourself

  • Sample essays
    The best way to understand how well our writers do their work is to view sample essays written by them.

View samples

  • Our Free Essay Tools
    Even more opportunities to improve your academic papers.

Bibliography Generator
Words to Pages Converter
Words to Minutes Converter
College GPA Calculator
Thesis statement generator