In the years between the end of the French and Indian War and the skirmishes at Lexington and Concord, 1763-1775, the colonies and the mother country debated the right of Parliament to legislate for the colonies. The British claimed that Parliament held this right without question, while the colonies insisted that only a body which they actually elected could tax them. While the British espoused the commonly-held notion that Parliament represented all British possessions virtually, the colonists drew on their experiences with their colonial legislatures, maintaining that the only true representation was actual representation. In this discussion you will read the accounts below, which are written from either a British or a colonial point of view and in a statement of 3-4 paragraphs select a position in the debate over taxation and representation. (Meets Course Learning Objectives: 3 and 9)
Use the following questions to guide your thinking and to prepare for the class discussion.
FOCUS QUESTION II
1. What was the colonial reaction to the Stamp Act? Include acts by
(a) colonial legislatures
(b) colonial merchants and
(c) colonists themselves.
2. How was colonial reaction to the Coercive or Intolerable Acts different from their response to the Stamp Act? Why do you think this led to violence?
3. Not all colonists joined the protests. Why do you think some colonists resisted overt action against their legitimate government?
4. Imagine that you were living in the colonies at the time and you had the same station in life you now have, how do you think that you would have reacted? Be honest, think of you attitude today toward the authority of the national government, and to taxes levied by that government.