Our Dependence upon the Environment
SCI 207 Our Dependence upon the Environment Number of Pages: 1 (Double Spaced) Number of sources: 3 Writing Style: APA Type of document: Essay Academic Level:Undergraduate Category: Environmental Issues Language Style: English (U.S.) Order Instructions: ATTACHED Week 3 – Assignment 2 Sustainable Living Guide Contributions, Part 3 of 4: Sustaining Our Water Resources [WLO: 3] [CLOs: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6] Prior to beginning work on this assignment, please review Chapter 5: Water, in Turk and Bensel’s Contemporary Environmental Issues textbook (2014). The purpose of this assignment is twofold: first, to enable you to explore a term (concept, technique, place, etc.) related to this week’s theme of sustaining our water resources; second, to provide your third contribution to a collective project, the Class Sustainable Living Guide. Your work this week, and in the weeks that follow, will be gathered (along with that of your peers) into a master document you will receive a few days after the end of the course. The document will provide everyone with a variety of ideas for how we can all live more sustainably in our homes and communities. To complete this assignment, You will first need to select a term from the list of choices in the Week 3 – Term Selection Forum. Reply to the forum with the term that you would like to research. Do not select a term that a classmate has already chosen. No two students will be researching the same topic. Next, download the Week 3 Assignment TemplatePreview the document and replace the guiding text with your own words based upon your online research. Please do not include a cover page. All references, however, should be cited in your work and listed at the end, following APA format expectations. In the template, you will Define the term thoroughly. Clearly relate the term to the week’s theme. Explain how the term affects living things and the physical world. Relate the term to the challenge of achieving environmental sustainability. Justify if the term represents an obstacle to that goal, or perhaps a technique or technology that might promote it. Suggest two specific actions we can take to promote sustainability in relationship to this term. Provide detailed examples to support your ideas. The Week 3 assignment Must be three paragraphs in length (not including title, any quoted material, and references) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s APA Style (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. resource. Must cite the following three sources at minimum: The class textbook, or provide a URL formatted according to APA standards to the resource in case your term was not in the text. A scholarly source. A credible source. To aid you in your research, and particularly in locating scholarly sources via the Ashford Library or using Google Scholar, please review the following Ashford videos and tutorials: Scholarly and Popular Resources (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. How to Use FindIt@AU (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Database Search Tips (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Research, Keywords, and Databases: An Overview (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Accessing Full Text and Citation in Google Scholar (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Must utilize academic voice. See the Academic Voice (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. resource for additional guidance. The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment. Must document any information used from sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s Citing Within Your Paper guide (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Must include a separate references list that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. See the Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. resource in the Ashford Writing Center for specifications. I choose the (PHARMACEUTICALS IN THE WATER SUPPLY) as research; In recent years there has been mounting concern about the presence of chemicals from pharmaceuticals and personal care products, such as cosmetics, in the nation’s streams and rivers. There is no question that these chemicals are present in the nation’s waterways. The USGS conducted the first major investigation in 2002 and found, on average, seven chemical compounds in the streams they surveyed. Tom Varco – Own work, CC Pharmaceuticals in our water supply. Our bodies release them when we urinate or flush old drugs down the toilet. In 2008, the Associated Press found an array of pharmaceuticals, from painkillers to antibiotics to mood stabilizers, in the drinking water of 24 major metropolitan water suppliers. Further, 34 of the 62 water suppliers contacted by the AP couldn’t provide results as they had never tested for pharmaceutical compounds. This problem won’t go away anytime soon. American drug consumption has increased rapidly in recent years, and Americans fill 3.7 billion prescriptions every year. The chemicals in these drugs end up in waterways after being excreted from the body or when unused medication is flushed down the toilet. Most municipal sewage treatment facilities do not remove the pharmaceutical compounds from your water, and major upgrades would be required to do so. The federal government hasn’t stepped in to require testing or set safety limits, leaving many questions unanswered. HOW DOES THIS IMPACT MY HEALTH? Pharmaceutical compounds are found at much lower concentrations in rivers and streams than the normally prescribed doses, but there is concern that chronic exposure to numerous compounds could cause serious health problems and that compounds can act synergistically to cause adverse health effects. Of particular concern is the presence of endocrine disruptors, which come from a variety of agricultural, industrial, and domestic sources, including pharmaceuticals. These compounds disrupt internal biological processes such as development, growth, and reproduction that are regulated by hormones. Whether these compounds are present in sufficient levels in our waterways to affect human health remains a topic of serious concern and ongoing research. SNAPSHOT: THE POTOMAC RIVER Joseph Bylund Cascade into the Potomac River The fish in the Potomac River may look normal at first glance, but many of the Potomac’s male bass are producing eggs, and similar “intersex” fish are being found in rivers across the country. While scientists have yet to pinpoint the cause of this mutation, it’s thought that a group of compounds known as endocrine disruptors are responsible. These chemicals affect key biological processes regulated by hormones, such as growth, development and reproduction, and include common medications including birth control pills. Whatever the cause, it’s unknown what effects these compounds are having on us when we drink or swim in the same waters. Like the canary in the coal mine, the story of intersex fish may be an early warning of the effects that pharmaceuticals are having on the health of our waterways and on the people and organisms that depend on them. WHAT CAN WE DO? Use the following steps to reduce the risk of long-term human health effects of pharmaceuticals in your water supply: PROPER DRUG DISPOSAL The cheapest and easiest way to limit pharmaceutical contamination is to keep drugs from entering our waterways in the first place. Drug take back programs, public education on proper disposal, and regulations to limit large-scale medicine flushing at hospitals and nursing facilities are important first steps that can greatly reduce the amount of contaminants entering our waterways. Some states and counties have begun to experiment with take-back programs. For example, Washington State collected and disposed of over 15,000 pounds of unwanted medications during a two year pilot program. RESEARCH Additional research is needed to assess potential human health effects and identify the best methods for removing pharmaceutical compounds at treatment plants. If there is a significant long-term risk to public health, more aggressive efforts to control the problem may be needed. LONG-TERM SOLUTIONS While proper disposal can limit pharmaceutical contamination, more work on source control will ultimately be needed in addition to upgrading treatment infrastructure and reassessing our approach to use and dispose of pharmaceuticals and personal care products. [clickToTweet tweet=”Pharmaceuticals in our water supply can affect our clean water supplies as well as river wildlife.” quote=”Pharmaceuticals in our water supply can affect our clean water supplies as well as river wildlife.”] First Name* Last Name* TAKE ACTION AMERICA’S MOST ENDANGERED RIVERS® OF 2018 Tell Congress: Oppose the Trump Administration’s Anti-Environment Agenda RELATED POSTS READ MORE Philip Jordan Healthy Rivers, Resilient Communities A healthy river is a community’s first line of defense, ensuring water security and… How Stormwater Affects Your Rivers How the Clean Water Act Protects Your Rivers Conserving Clean Water. Week 3 Terms *Note: The terms marked with an asterisk in the list do not appear in the course text. Use the hyperlinked url provided as a substitute for the course text. Be sure to cite the url resource rather than the text, if you choose to use one of those terms. Terms for Week 3 Assignment aquaculture aquifer depletion Aral Sea bioaccumulation *bottom trawling *bycatch Clean Water Act Colorado River *constructed wetlands (treatment wetlands) *coral bleaching droughts eutrophication / dead zones floods *graywater reuse *Great Pacific Garbage Patch groundwater pollution *microplastics in the ocean ocean acidification Ogallala Aquifer overfishing *permeable pavement *pharmaceuticals in water supply point source pollution rainwater harvesting riparian buffers Safe Drinking Water Act *septic system Three Gorges Dam *volunteer water quality monitoring wastewater treatment Week 3 Assignment Template Sustainable Living Guide Contributions, Part Three of Four: Sustaining Our Water Resources Instructions: Using the term that you have selected from the list provided in the classroom, please complete the following template. Create a minimum of 5 to 7 well-crafted sentences per paragraph. In your response, you are expected to cite and reference, in APA format, at least two outside sources in addition to the class text. The sources must be credible (from experts in the field of study); scholarly sources (published in peer-reviewed academic journals) are strongly encouraged. Delete these instructions before submitting your work to Waypoint. Your Term: Instructions: In the first paragraph; • Thoroughly define your term. • Describe how the term relates to this week’s theme. Provide specific examples. Delete these instructions before submitting your work to Waypoint. [Enter your information here] Instructions: In the second paragraph; • Discuss how the term affects living things and the physical world. • Explain how the term relates to the challenge of achieving environmental sustainability. • Justify if the term represents an obstacle to that goal, or perhaps a technique or technology that might promote it? Again, be as specific as possible and include examples to support your explanations. [Enter your information here] Instructions: In the third paragraph; • Determine at least two specific actions that we can take in order to promote environmental sustainability in relation to this term. Be creative and concrete with your suggestions. For example, you might recommend supporting a particular organization that is active in the field of your term. • Consider actions that might be taken 1) on the individual level, in our daily lives; 2) at the community level; 3) via national and global organizations working on behalf of the environmental issues associated with your term; and/or 4) at the ballot box (though voting). [Enter your information here] After proofreading your assignment carefully, please submit a copy of your work to Waypoint.