1. What does it mean to be proactive, instead of reactive, in disaster management? In the case of hurricanes, what actions would you take to break the reactive cycle of constantly correcting the previous disaster’s lessons learned, and achieve a proactive process that enhances facility resiliency? Your response must be at least 100 words in length.
2. Describe the process of Presidential Disaster Declarations and how this process has changed over time. Why were these changes made? Have the changes to this process resulted in improved disaster response and recovery in the recent 2017 Hurricanes Harvey and Irma? Why? Your response must be at least 100 words in length.
3. Describe the communications confusion problems that inhibited effective response and recovery from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. What caused these problems and what actions would you recommend to prevent similar communications confusion in future major focusing events. Your response must be at least 100 words in length.
4. The textbook discussed one important aspect of major focusing events and the political issues that can affect response and recovery efforts. In major catastrophes, such as Hurricane Katrina or the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, political controversies and agendas may cause independent actions by lawmakers that detract from disaster response and recovery efforts. Discuss the dynamic that causes this phenomenon, and describe what actions can be taken to reduce the likelihood of this occurring or would minimize the impact. Your response must be at least 100 words in length.
5. Describe the crisis management difficulties in response to the BP Deepwater Horizon. What were the competing directives that could be considered governing for this disaster? What problems did this cause in execution of response and recovery actions? In your view, which directive should have been invoked, and why? Has this competing directive gap been rectified? Your response must be at least 100 words in length.